Tuesday, May 27, 2008

End of May updates

So, I've been pretty busy in the past week with visitors + going away for a retreat. I haven't had much time to go through the PLA news, so this is not going to be the most informative update I've ever had.

I've read some concerns over the status of CAC after the recent earthquake. From what I read, it seems like CAC is back in full operation. In fact, this avic1 article does a good job talking about CAC.
本报讯(通讯员杨兴根 梅晶洪)四川汶川发生大地震后,一航成飞按照中国一航党组的要求和部署,全面启动和实施灾后生产自救工作。

5 月14日,是汶川大地震后的第三天,也是一航成飞逐渐恢复灾后生产的第一天。公司领导王广亚、王小平率技术改造部门负责人到各个生产单位了解受损情况,对受损设备情况进行登记,对整改工作提出了具体要求。为配合政府和部队向地震灾区运送物资,一航成飞机场也向部队开放,确保部队运输物资的飞机能安全起飞、着陆,并做好地面技术服务保障工作。

地震发生后,试飞站职工没有休息一天,全部到岗。他们对飞机、设备、设施进行全面细致地检查,各项工作步入正常轨道。到目前为止,试飞站已组织完成某项飞机缝制任务6900 米和各种机型备件零件接收任务,完成“枭龙”飞机的系统更改工作和5架歼七G型飞机发动机换装的库内工作,并达到待飞状态。检验检测部特种检验室技术组职工在办公地点墙面开裂的情况下,仍加紧编制某项目研制工艺文件;渗透站职工急生产所急,从5月15日开始加班对来自结构件厂、数控厂、钣金厂共800件零件进行检测。钣金厂及时启动应急机制,及时监测热处理工段硝盐槽工作情况,维修人员迅速检修厂房内机床、吊车等设备状况,通过自查清理,排除了重大安全隐患发生的可能。

为尽快恢复生产,最大程度减少灾害损失,数控厂全面启动抗灾自救工作,提出“万众一心,抗灾自救,群策群力,复产减损”的工作口号,要求干部职工齐心协力、科学有序开展灾后自救工作。自5 月14日正式上班后,数控厂各部门严格按照制定的计划进行工作,常规维修组抓紧时间对厂房、吊车、测量机、立体刀具库和工装库等基础设施、辅助设备进行全面检查,并以最快的速度恢复了吊车的使用,为数控机床的及时复工创造了条件。硬件维修组针对数控机床状态不明的情况,及时制定了一套数控设备状态检查方案,成立了专题小组对数控设备外观损坏情况、基础固定的松动与否、零件受损状况、设备电缆连接、悬挂元器件稳固、设备几何精度等进行了全方面测试。到5月 16日,专业厂20多台数控设备正式开始运行生产。信息技术部在恢复生产后,果断向全体职工发出了“全力维护中心运行,确保生产自救”的行动口号,组织各精兵强将开展抢修数据中心主机房系统的恢复工作,经过两小时的紧急抢修,企业数据中心所有主机系统和网络交换设备全面应急启动成功,企业应用系统全面恢复运行。

The gist is that everyone was back to work and everything was back to normal by the 16th of May. The interesting part is the section on the project currently being worked on. It talks about the flight testing station working non stop to a new aircraft project of flying to 6900 m. It talks about completing the modification work on JF-17 (although I'm not sure what this is referring to). I also talks about changing the engine of 5 J-7G.

And, I've read a renewed debate on whether or not China will place any orders for JF-17 in the future. I basically look at China's need for something like JF-17 in 3 areas.
1) As a cheap fighter that could be useful in a war of attrition.
2) As a ground strike fighter
3) As a trainer
Basically, a lot of these options have only become possible with the slowness of the L-15 project. Generally speaking, CAC is a much better run company than HAIG. For a project that started with so much potential, HAIG's incompetence has allowed CAC to basically pitch JF-17 in the area that was originally reserved for L-15. Heck, even the much inferior JL-9 has attracted orders from PLAAF. From that stand point, CAC seems to be more in tune with PLAAF requirements than other AVIC1 firms.

While, CAC survived the earthquake, Dongfang had a much tougher go at it.
可惜:东方汽轮机厂损失严重 震前曾计划搬迁
本报记者 陈欢 李超

   “现在根本还没法统计。”

   17日下午1时,汉旺镇中心,记者再次来到东方汽轮机厂门前。在遇难人员家属登记处,当本报记者问及“现在是否知道厂里到底有多少职工死亡、失踪,有多少设备、财务毁损”时,对方如此回答。

   记者在厂区看到,大门右手的档案大楼,看起来是最完整的一栋楼,但墙壁有明显的很大的裂缝。研究楼和办公大楼,从底楼到二楼有巨大的裂缝,部分倒塌。一个跨度大概为5-6米的厂房,顶棚已坍塌下来。

   幸存的职工说,所有的设备和仪器都已经毁坏。记者16日从汉旺镇指挥部获得的信息是,该厂共有7栋建筑物垮塌,损失严重。

   东方汽轮厂的14(或16)栋家属楼(连排大概2到3栋为一排,大约总共有五六排),彻底坍塌了12栋。如今,即使依然站立的房子,都已经扭曲,有的楼则是半边坍塌。但依然可以看到震前迹象,有的房间还养着花,晾晒着衣服。

   东汽中学则在东汽附近的一个小巷里面。教学楼是一栋框架混合预制板建筑,共有4层。如今,左侧的楼宇已经坍塌,剩下两堵高墙耸立在空中,右侧的楼宇整体结构还在,但有大量裂缝。

   地震发生时,学校正在上下午第一节课,很多来不及逃生的学生被压在倒塌的教学楼下,具体多少人尚不清楚。16日,记者见到,东汽中学的操场上,约有20多具被掩起的遇难学生遗体。

   东方汽轮厂的搜救得到了高度关注。16日夜间,俄罗斯搜救队曾进入厂区搜救,后确定没有找到生还者。17日晨,台湾搜救队也曾进入,并把大本营驻扎此处。此前,参与搜救的还有唐山抢险队。但如今,“相信已无幸存者”。

   17日下午,绵竹市的灾情通报为:东方汽轮机厂99%的建筑坍塌,500多职工失踪。记者现场见到,四川乐山的消防局在进行最后一次地毯式的清理、搜救。当地的人称,之后这个厂就要实施爆破了。16日,在绵竹指挥中心,驻渝红军团也向记者透露了类似信息。

   受伤的央企

   在距离汶川仅29公里的绵竹市汉旺镇,东方电气下属的东方汽轮机厂在这里占据着大半面积,俗称“十里东汽”。据一个东汽员工称,东汽有职工5000多人,加上家属,总人数约2万人。

   12日14时28分那场地震摧毁了一切。14日,东方电气被国资委列为受灾最为严重的央企之一。

   东方电气党委工作部的负责人告诉记者,“当时,我们人员比较集中,比如叶片分厂正在开会,很多职工被埋在下面。而我们的附属中学,学生正在上课,所以也是非常集中的。汽轮机厂的整个建筑物都受到不同程度的损害。”

   据国资委网站提供的信息,地震导致绵竹汉旺众多人员伤亡,有数百职工家属和200多学生被埋在废墟之下,1万余人因房屋倒塌无家可归,受灾职工及家属无衣物、无食品、无饮水。

   灾后,东方电气集团第一时间展开自救。董事长王计、总经理斯泽夫立即赶到现场指挥。东方电气下属的其它子公司东方电机(30.14,-3.35,-10.00%,吧)、东方汽轮机、东方锅炉、东风电机,分别启动了对东方汽轮机的救援工作。

   国资委在接到东方电气的受损汇报后,也立即动员在川央企支援东方汽轮机厂。

  地处成都的中铁工程局中铁二局(16.27,-1.59,-8.90%,吧),最早派出80人的专业救援队伍到达现场。中铁二局总经理邓元发回忆说,“我们母公司在德阳,12日晚10点20左右,公司相关的救援人员已经到达,但是当时救援设备还没到,设备过去大概是晚上12点。”

   “我们的主要任务就是帮忙找人、挖人,到15日中午12点,我们在东汽那里救助了106人,其中遇难者是58人,幸存者是48人。但这48人中有伤员,所以,最后情况到底如何尚不清楚。”

   5月13日下午,专业援助队伍陆续赶到东方汽轮机厂,人员疏散也同时开展,“我们现在把汉旺镇的大部分受灾职工,用班车转移到了德阳。”

   而5月16日,东方电气方面仍告诉记者,东方汽轮机厂仍然在继续被埋人员的寻找和抢救活动。

   从小震到大震

   17日,东汽门口一维护秩序的幸存东方汽轮机长职工告诉本报记者,东方电气、哈尔滨电气和上海电气,并称中国的“装备工业三强”。

   而东方汽轮机厂,是一个“五电合一”的企业,即核电、风电、水电、煤电和海水淡化。东方电气提供的信息显示,该厂主导产品是电站汽轮机,其产品技术质量已达国际先进水平,在我国汽轮机市场占有率超过30%。

   在汉旺当地,东方汽轮机厂是名副其实的经济支柱。但据东方汽轮机厂目前的统计数据,此次地震直接损失达70亿元。

   16日,东方电气的上述负责人表示,已开始小范围的设备检查,“由于我们的设备工艺比较复杂,而且我们的厂房和设备受损现象比较严重,所以,何时能恢复生产尚没有时间表。”

   东方电气旗下的其它子公司,东方锅炉13日自查完毕后,已恢复正常生产;东方电机于15日上午完成水、电、气、通讯、网络系统修复,并于当天下午恢复生产;东方重机正采取24小时不落地的措施组织生产,全力确保岭澳二期核电项目能按期完成。

   17日,多位东汽员工对本报记者表示,“现在根本还谈不上”,并称,即使重建,也不会在原地重建了,一是交通不便,二是常有地震发生。

   记者了解到,东方汽轮机厂的地址就在龙门山脉上,所以,这个厂几乎是每隔两年就小震一次。而由于地震不断,东方汽轮机厂也一直想要搬迁。

   并且,该厂于1965年建厂,大部分的建筑也都建于那一时期。其中,家属楼曾在上世纪80年代加固过一次。

   但最终,计划中的搬迁,未能在震灾前实现。

Basically, this factory has suffered damages to both the factory and equipments. They don't really have a recovery schedule right now.

In the navy side, we haven't really seen too much recently. You can catch some of the pictures for the 3rd Yuan. It's similar to the previous photos except that the anechoic tiles became really visible. We've also seen the latest picture of LCAC.

It seems a little smaller than the previous pictures.

Other than that, Russian president visited China this past weekend. The military cooperation issue was much talked about in the Russian press. I think that China should resolve this issue with Russia in a more satisfactory manner. While I don't believe that China will need that much more Russian weapons in the future, it does want to maintain good relations with the Russians. In the grand theme of things, signing an agreement for unlimited licenses (if they haven't already done so) for J-11 as they did with Mi-171. Although, I really don't see the need for exporting J-11B anytime soon. And the Russians (especially Sukhoi) needs to swallow its pride and realize that China cannot in good conscious continue to buy outdated fighter package just to satisfy them.

7 comments:

timurelame said...

China and Russia need to work out the Il-76/78 contract problem soon. The recent earthquake demonstrates the dire need for additional large transports, both civilian and military.

hbogyt said...

Another parade in about a year. What weaponaries do you think will be showing this time?

Feng said...

it looks to me that the IL-76 deal will not be resolved anytime soon. Which means, they will probably come up with some IL-76 lookalike in a couple of years to fill the emergency need and then a more advanced transport a few more years down the road.

No idea regarding to parade.

escobar said...

feng do you think we will see picture of the carrier this year

Jiang said...

I would love to see the Varyag being ready at least for Traing Carrier at the end of this year. It will be so nice if it has J-11C as its fighter.

Feng said...

J-11C is not ready. It's simple as that. I'm not looking for carrier photos for another year and half at least. And then, we might get some pictures that people will claim to be the carrier. Varyag isn't going anywhere.

Jiang said...

Well, I think it will make a good training carrier. That's all.